WHAT IS DIABETES?
Diabetes is a disease in which the body’s ability to produce or respond to the hormone insulin is impaired. This results in abnormal metabolism of carbohydrates and elevated levels of glucose in the blood.
THERE ARE 2 TYPES OF DIABETES:
The types of diabetes are very important as they say how bad the disease is.
Type 1 diabetes occurs when your immune system attacks and destroys the insulin-producing beta cells of the pancreas.
Type 2 diabetes begins with insulin resistance, a condition in which the muscle, liver and fat cells do not use insulin well.
WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF DIABETES?
- Increased thirst and urination
- Increased hunger
- Blurred vision
- Numbness or tingling in hands or feet
- Sores that do not heal
- Unexplained weight loss
There are many factors that contribute to one getting diabetes and often times it is passed down through the genes. This is a very serious disease that affects South Africa most importantly. With close to 10 000 cases recorded in the public sector throughout South Africa having diabetes, the number seems to increase constantly.
Minister Ivan Meyer addressed a group of people during a diabetes awareness event hosted but the Department of Health. Here he addressed the economic factors of diabetes and statistics of our people working in the public sector.
“Changes to our lifestyle, eating and exercising habits together with an ageing population has led to an increased risk of getting type 2 Diabetes”, says Minister Ivan Meyer.
“Diabetes is a global epidemic costing the global economy nearly $500 billion in 2010 and it is expected to increase to at least US$ 745 billion in 2030, with developing countries such as South Africa, increasingly taking on a much greater share of the cost”, says Minister.
Sub-Saharan countries struggle with the burden of diabetes. The estimates suggest that costs associated with the disease could more than double and by 2030.
About half of the people living with this disease know that they have diabetes and the percentage is even smaller for those receiving treatment.
“The accumulated losses to South Africa gross domestic product between 2006 and 2015 from diabetes, stroke and coronary heart disease alone are estimated to cost the country US$1.88 billion” says Minister.
If we do not do something drastic, our country will continue to lose money. With the result of this, our citizens will not receive the necessary treatment they need. Start now and change your life. Help yourself and others by having a better lifestyle and preventing diabetes.